«Nemo me impune lacessit» (Latin: «No one provokes me with impunity»)
Scottish bagpipes are the most popular and recognizable bagpipes in the world.
Despite the fact that since antiquity it has been widely known in many parts of Europe, including England and Ireland, there in Scotland the bagpipes have rotted in life of the Scots so firmly that it has become a truly national instrument.
Bagpipers were very much appreciated by the clans and had privileges in relation to other clan members. Their profession was passed on from generation to generation. There on the Isle of Skye (Scottish Gaelic: An t-Eilean Sgitheanach or Eilean a' Cheò) in the Inner Hebrides archipelago to the West of Scotland some of the most famous hereditary bagpipers of Highland the MacCrimmons, who served the Clan MacLeod of Dunvegan, had even opened own college, where they taught to play bagpipes.
Now scottish bagpipes are made in B-flat major tonality and Mixolydian mode.
With a power of sound pressure of 108 dB the range of sound can reach the distance of 3 miles whether in mountains or in open space. The structure of modern Scottish bagpipes is 446 Hz, unlike all classical musical instruments that are tuned in 440 Hz. Although some bagpipe masters make instruments with an authentic, low structure of 440 Hz.
The position of Scottish bagpipe's tonality almost in the middle between B-flat and C-natural gives it a rank of the special 25th tonality, lying separately from the well-known 24 classic ones.
The magic of the sound of Scottish bagpipes is in the piercing timbre, loudness and constant accompanying the main melody with Bourdon tone that comes from three pipes lying on the performer's shoulder, and gives all the sound a strong magical and bewitching sense of melodiousness. All these qualities make the Scottish bagpipes an ideal musical instrument for ceremonies, parades and creating a festive mood, as well as for a psychic attack.
Scottish bagpipes have took part in all military campaigns of the British Army in the last 300 years. In the Battle of Waterloo in Belgium on June 18, 1815, during the counter-attack on the corps of the French imperial marshal Davout there had been first performed on Scottish bagpipes the patriotic march of the 52nd Infantry Brigade of the Scottish Rifles "Scotland The Brave" (Scottish Gaelic: "Alba an Aigh"), which later became an unofficial anthem of Scotland.